This week in W.Va. history
The following events happened on these dates in West Virginia history. To read more, go to e-WV: The West Virginia Encyclopedia, a project of the West Virginia Humanities Council, at www.wvencyclopedia.org.
AUG. 4, 1824: John Jay Jackson Jr. was born near Parkersburg. Jackson, a prominent judge, was notorious among those trying to organize labor unions in West Virginia.
AUG. 4, 1897: Musician William Jennings ''Billy'' Cox was born near Charleston. Cox, known as the ''Dixie Songbird,'' was one of West Virginia's premier country music vocalists and songwriters during the 1930s.
AUG. 7, 1864: In what became known as the Battle of Moorefield, Union troops under Gen. William W. Averell attacked the headquarters of Gen. Bradley Johnson. The Confederates were routed and fled south into the town.
AUG. 7, 1877: West Virginia voters chose Charleston as the state capital over Clarksburg and Martinsburg.
AUG. 7, 1893: Parsons became the county seat of Tucker County. Parsons was named for Ward Parsons, a prominent resident and the largest landholder.
AUG. 8, 1915: Businessman Alex Schoenbaum was born in Richmond, Va. After settling in Charleston in 1943, he went into the restaurant business. His restaurants were named Shoney's when Schoenbaum's nickname was selected in an employee contest.
AUG. 9, 1954: Don Chafin died in Huntington. As sheriff of Logan County, Chafin was a bitter foe of union organizers and, with financial support from coal companies, used his many deputies to keep labor organizers out of the county.
AUG. 10, 1920: General Frank Kendall ''Pete'' Everest Jr. was born in Fairmont. Everest was a military aviator and a pioneer in U.S. rocket plane flying. In 1956, he flew the X-2 at Mach 3, exceeding 1,900 miles per hour and breaking the record of Chuck Yeager, his rival and close contemporary.